Both research and anecdotal evidence in the past decade have highlighted that primary school teachers in sub-Saharan countries typically are not adequately prepared to teach the contents of the school curriculum (e.g., Bold et al., 2017). International donors who are engaged in developing countries tend to support and fund educational reforms that focus mainly on improving the skills of in-service teachers, even where program descriptions include support for improving teacher education programs at the pre-service level. As identified in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals1 covering the period 2015–2030, a supply of well-trained teachers is one way to improve equity and quality of education (UNESCO, 2015).
Changing teacher educators’ conceptions and practices around literacy instruction
Lessons from teacher educators’ professional development experiences in Ethiopia
Mekonnen, D., Fesmire, M., Barnes, A., Backman, S. B., & Ramos-Mattoussi, F. (2018). Changing teacher educators’ conceptions and practices around literacy instruction: Lessons from teacher educators’ professional development experiences in Ethiopia. In S. Pouezevara (Ed.), Cultivating dynamic educators: Case studies in teacher behavior change in Africa and Asia (pp. 23-64). RTI Press. RTI Press Book No. BK-0022-1809 https://doi.org/10.3768/rtipress.2018.bk.0022.1809
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Improving text classification with Boolean retrieval for rare categories
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Personal exposure to PM2.5 in different microenvironments and activities for retired adults in two megacities, China