Changing Physicians Attitudes, Knowledge, and Self-Efficacy Regarding Cholesterol Screening and Management
Gans, K. M., Jack, B., Lasater, T. M., Lefebvre, R., Mcquade, W., & Carleton, R. A. (1993). Changing Physicians Attitudes, Knowledge, and Self-Efficacy Regarding Cholesterol Screening and Management. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 9(2), 101-106.
The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has identified a need to convey practical approaches for the management of high blood cholesterol (BC) to physicians. Our study was a joint effort between the Pawtucket Heart Health Program and the Brown University Department of Family Medicine to improve family medicine residents' attitudes, knowledge, self-efficacy, and practices regarding cholesterol screening and management. Thirty-six resident physicians received a BC screening and management training program. This program included training in BC screening using the fingerstick method and a desktop analyzer, diet assessment and counseling, and a management protocol for evaluation and treatment of high BC based on NCEP guidelines. The training program also included evaluation of residents' BC screening activity, incentives, chart audits, and biweekly articles in the departmental newsletter. We administered a survey to residents before and one year after the training program began to assess self-reported knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, and practices for BC management. Survey results indicated that the residents significantly improved their reported knowledge and attitudes about BC management. In addition, they significantly increased their reported self-efficacy and practices in dietary counseling and patient education. Residents also indicated that the training program was worthwhile, necessary, and practical and that many would use the materials and protocols in their future practices