Changes in Swine and Cattle Production Practices Since the 1996 PR/HACCP Final Rule
Cates, S. C., & Durocher, B. L. (2003, August). Changes in Swine and Cattle Production Practices Since the 1996 PR/HACCP Final Rule. Presented at International Association for Food Protection Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
With the implementation of the 1996 PathogenReduction Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point(PR/HACCP) Systems Final Rule there has beenProgram and Abstract Book — 115increased emphasis on on-farm food safety. Theseinitiatives include the PR/HACCP rule itself plusincreased producer education efforts; increasedemphasis on on-farm food safety by producerorganizations, FSIS, and state agricultural and animalhealth officials; and promotion of farm-to-tablestrategies by trade associations, industry, andacademia. Swine and cattle producers’ productionpractices may have been influenced by thesecollective efforts. To measure changes in swine andcattle production practices since the PR/HACCPrule, the authors conducted telephone interviews infall 2000 and in spring 2002, with agricultural andextension officials and representatives from swineand cattle industries in nine states and nine nationalproducer and veterinary organizations. Pre- andpost-PR/HACCP data from the National AnimalHealth Monitoring System (NAHMS) were alsoanalyzed. USDA’s Food Safety and InspectionService (FSIS) provided funding for this study. Thefindings suggest that PR/HACCP is pushing swineand cattle producers to examine their productionpractices and to think in terms of food safety.Through participation in quality assurance (QA)programs, producers have improved their drugadministration, recordkeeping, and identificationpractices. Packers’ requirements are driving QAprogram participation. Producers have improvedtheir biosecurity practices because of concernsabout bioterrorism and foreign animal disease.Producers’ animal waste management and carcassdisposal practices have stayed about the same. FSIScan use the study findings to guide future educationalefforts with producers.