• Journal Article

Association of medically attended traumatic brain injury and in-prison behavioral infractions: A statewide longitudinal study

Citation

Shiroma, E. J., Pickelsimer, E. E., Ferguson, P. L., Gebregziabher, M., Lattimore, P., Nicholas, J. S., ... Hunt, K. J. (2010). Association of medically attended traumatic brain injury and in-prison behavioral infractions: A statewide longitudinal study. Journal of Correctional Health Care, 16(4), 273-286. DOI: 10.1177/1078345810378253

Abstract

This study examined the association between medically attended traumatic brain injury (TBI) and in-prison behavioral infractions in a statewide population by comparing rate ratios of infractions in inmates with and without TBI over an 11.5-year period (16,299 males and 1,270 females). The in-prison behavioral infraction rate was significantly increased in males with TBI compared with no TBI for all infractions (RR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.12, 1.55), violent infractions (RR = 1.86, 95% CI: 1.54, 2.24), and nonviolent infractions (RR = 1.19, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.41). The violent behavioral infraction rate was significantly increased in females with TBI compared with no TBI (RR = 2.44, 95% CI: 1.45, 4.12). A clearer understanding of inmates with a history of TBI and further examination of the association of TBI and behavioral infractions are needed.