Affect and Incident Participation Restriction in Adults with Knee Osteoarthritis: The MOST Study
Objective Participation restriction, common among people with knee osteoarthritis (OA), may be influenced by positive and negative affect. We examined the risk of incident participation restriction over 84 months conferred by positive and negative affect among people with knee OA. Methods Participants are from the Multicenter Osteoarthritis Study and had or were at high risk of knee OA. Participation restriction and positive and negative affect were measured with the Late Life Disability Index, Instrumental Role Limitation subscale and the positive affect and depressed mood subscales of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, respectively. Robust Poisson regression was used to calculate risk of incident participation restriction over 84 months conferred by combinations of low and high positive and negative affect, adjusting for covariates. Results Of 1810 baseline participants (mean: 62.1 years, 56% female), 470 (26%) had incident participation restriction over 84 months. Participants with low positive affect had 20% greater risk of incident participation restriction than those with high positive affect; participants with high negative affect had 50% greater risk of incident participation compared to those with low negative affect. Participants with both low positive and high negative affect had 80% greater risk of incident participation restriction compared to other combinations of positive and negative affect. Conclusion Low positive and high negative affect, both alone and in combination, increase risk of participation restriction among adults with knee OA. Efforts aimed at preventing participation restriction in this population should consider these mood states. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.