Jordan has made significant strides in improving learning outcomes in the early grades over the last decade. Beginning in 2011, the Jordanian Ministry of Education (MOE) partnered with USAID and RTI to assess students’ foundational reading and mathematics skills and better understand the characteristics affecting student performance; results of these assessments can be found on USAID’s Early Grade Reading Barometer. The core approach of RAMP is to strengthen and work through MOE systems to deliver instructional reform and improve student outcomes. The goal of institutionalization drives the design and implementation of all RAMP activities.
Results from learning assessments in 2014 showed that most students in the early grades were not reading with comprehension or understanding mathematics. Weaknesses in instructional strategies, as well as low levels of community support and use of data for educational decision making, were identified as key challenges inhibiting student performance. In response to the challenges with instructional quality, the MOE implemented a pilot supporting teachers to provide deliberate, structured, and developmentally appropriate daily instruction to improve students’ foundational skills for reading and mathematics. Based on the success of that pilot, a new nationwide Early Grade Reading and Mathematics Initiative (RAMP) was launched with support from USAID and the U.K. Department for International Development in 2015.