Publications Related to "Health and Wellness"

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Making decisions about medication use during pregnancy

Objective To explore women's perceptions of the risks and benefits associated with medication use during pregnancy and to better understand how women make decisions related to medication use in pregnancy. Methods We conducted online focus groups...

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Considerations for reporting of stillbirths and fetal deaths

In reporting stillbirths, issues such as lower gestational age limits, inclusion or exclusion of pregnancy terminations, as well as privacy concerns related to public vital statistics have been contentious issues for many years. In their...

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Clinical interventions to reduce stillbirths in sub-Saharan Africa

OBJECTIVE: Stillbirths are among the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, with 98% occurring in low-income countries. More than one-third occur in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, the medical conditions causing stillbirths and interventions...

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HIV prevention among women who use substances and report sex work

This cross-sectional study presents baseline data from women (n = 641) in a community-based randomized trial in Pretoria, South Africa. Women were eligible if they reported recent alcohol or other drug (AOD) use and condomless sex. Latent class...

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Contribution of Anal Sex to HIV Prevalence Among Heterosexuals

Anal intercourse is reported by many heterosexuals, and evidence suggests that its practice may be increasing. We estimated the proportion of the HIV burden attributable to anal sex in 2015 among heterosexual women and men in the United States....

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Civil Unrest in the Context of Chronic Community Violence

OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in maternal-child health surrounding the April 2015 civil unrest in Baltimore, Maryland, following Freddie Gray's death while in police custody. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional Children's HealthWatch...

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Interventions to reduce neonatal mortality

Aim: To determine which interventions would have the greatest impact on reducing neonatal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa in 2012. Methods: We used MANDATE, a mathematical model, to evaluate scenarios for the impact of available...

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Adapting healthcare quality measures to transgender individuals

The healthcare system's rapid shift toward value-based payment poses unique quality measurement challenges and new foci for researchers and policy makers. Quality measures that use sex-specific criteria may inappropriately include or exclude...

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The Safety of Medications in Pregnant Women

Information on the safety of medications that pregnant women may need is key to protecting the health of the woman and her fetus. When new drugs are first marketed, this information is scarce, because pregnant women are generally excluded from...

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Drug use generations and patterns of injection drug use

Objectives: A robust literature documents generational trends in drug use. We examined the implications of changing national drug use patterns on drug injection histories of diverse people who inject drugs (PWID). Methods: Drug use...

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