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Robert M. Bray

Senior Research Psychologist

Robert M. Bray, PhD, is a fellow of the American Psychological Association and a senior research psychologist. His research interests focus on the epidemiology of substance use and other health behaviors in military and civilian populations with an emphasis on understanding the prevalence, causes, correlates, and consequences of these behaviors. He has directed nine comprehensive worldwide Department of Defense surveys of military personnel that comprise the most widely cited data on substance use and health behaviors in the military. He is preparing a book summarizing findings from these studies. Dr. Bray is principal editor of Drug Use in Metropolitan America, which integrates findings from a large-scale study of drug use among diverse populations in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. He has published and presented widely in the area of substance use and health-related behaviors.


PhD, Social Psychology, University of Illinois; MS, Psychology, Brigham Young University; AB, Psychology, Brigham Young University.

Latest Publications

Quartana, P.J., Wilk, J.E., Thomas, J.L., Bray, R.M., Rae Olmsted, K.L., Brown, J.M., Williams, J., et al. (2014). Trends in Mental Health Services Utilization and Stigma in US Soldiers From 2002 to 2011. American Journal of Public Health, 104 (9):1671-1679.
Bray, R.M., Hourani, L.L., Williams, J., Lane, M.E., & Marsden, M.E. (2014). Understanding Military Workforce Productivity: Effects of Substance Abuse, Health, and Mental Health. New York, NY: Springer.
Bray, R.M. (2013). Substance use in the US active duty military. In Moore, B.A. & Barnett, J.E. (Eds.), Military Psychologists' Desk Reference (pp. 221-226). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Bray, R.M., Brown, J.M., & Williams, J. (2013). Trends in binge and heavy drinking, alcohol-related problems, and combat exposure in the U.S. Military. Substance Use and Misuse, 48 (10):799-810.
Goertz, C., Marriott, B.P., Finch, M.D., Bray, R.M., Williams, T.V., Hourani, L.L., et al. (2013). Military report more complementary and alternative medicine use than civilians. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine , 19 (6):509-517.
View all publications by Robert M. Bray (79)